Over half a million people in the United States have died of AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic, and the number of people living with HIV infection is higher now than ever before. Currently, over 1 million adults and adolescents in the US are living with HIV.
Reproduction and HIV
This theme includes related research topics in the domains of fertility, reproductive health, and sexual behavior particularly as it relates to HIV/AIDS. Significance: Fertility is a foundational element of population studies. Sexual decision-making and reproduction affect the size and composition of human populations. Reproductive health most decidedly influences the well-being of women and children. Risky sexual behaviors adversely affect population health, and behaviors results in HIV/AIDS have had profound mortality consequences. BPC researchers are advancing knowledge on key ways of fertility change, in promoting women's health during pregnancy, and focusing on the roles of life experiences and social context (including the mediating role of stress). Research is also investigating novel approaches to reducing risky sexual behaviors, drawing on behavioral change research.
The first contribution of the proposed research will be establishment of a new system to determine the health and disparities impacts of policies and programs.